Thinking & Learning Activities – September 12, 2020

Disclaimer/What I Think I’m Doing

These posts do not represent a Fallible Ideas Learning Plan. Why I am doing them, then? What is the goal?
I’d like to be able to try doing a Fallible Ideas Learning Plan at some point, but I’m pretty intimidated by the idea of doing so. So I thought as a preliminary step, I’d just start writing some thoughts about my activities, stuff I was thinking about … basically memorializing thoughts and developments regarding stuff I’m spending time on anyways. And then if I do that for a while, and can do it regularly, then maybe I can try a small FI Plan, which would basically just be talking about some goals related to stuff I was already doing and discussing anyways. That way, I’d avoid being intimidated.
I was actually doing an even smaller step before doing these posts. I made some lists of stuff I’d like to get done and used the Notes app on macOS to track them. So these posts are sort of an upgraded version of that activity tracking + some writing. I use the activity tracking as an example of explaining something simply below.

Grammar πŸ€”πŸ“–

Peikoff talks about the following sentence towards the beginning of lecture 2 of his grammar course:

What he will decide is important.

Here’s a transcript of what he says:

Now, I want to point out… the third example under 13, “What you will decide is important” [sic], as the main clause, I have underscored only “is important”. That is obviously not a clause. Why not? Because it doesn’t have a subject, it just has a predicate. So, we would have to analyze this in order to make clear the full main clause and the proper analysis would come in breaking up the word “what”. The word “what” in this kind of construction is actually a compound. It means “that which” or “the thing which.” In other words, it means “the thing which he will decide is important”. In which case, then, if we use that type of analysis, what will the main clause be? Suppose we take “what” as meaning “the thing which”. What will then be the main clause in the statement, “the thing which you will decide is important”? What will be the main clause?
Yeah, “the thing is important”, correct, and “which he will decide” is then simply an adjective clause modifying “thing”, telling you what type of thing. Now, in any case such as this, where you have a noun clause as subject or object, you may have to resort to some type of analysis to get out the full main clause and separate it from the modifier. But if you understand that, there’s no problem. I just didn’t want anyone to be confused by the fact that I’ve underscored only a predicate as though that could be a clause.

I’m going to post a small excerpt from Elliot Temple’s grammar educational materials on Gumroad.

Elliot’s analysis seems somewhat different to me than Peikoff’s. Below I’ve tried to represent what I think Elliot’s approach to analyzing the sentence would be and what I think Peikoff’s approach is. Any errors are my own! Click here to view or download if you don’t like the embedding.

what he will decide is important

Thinking About Problems πŸ€” πŸ’¬

Crepe-making and error-correcting

I made this recipe. I don’t think I’ve made crepes at home before. They came out okay. I used too much batter for the first one and got a sort of pancake burned on one side instead of a crepe. You need to be fairly minimal with the amount of batter you use. I realized this after double-checking the recipe instructions and noting where they says:

Pour a small amount of batter (I used 1/8 of a cup of batter for my small frying pan) in the middle of the hot pan. Then pick up the pan and tip and twirl it until the entire bottom is coated.
Double-checking the directions was a simple step to take but it helped.

Initially, I think I defaulted to “make a giant pancake” level of batter for some reason, whereas crepes require a very different level of batter. I think they are supposed to be thin enough to heat through from just the heat on the bottom of the pan as opposed to needing to be flipped over. I had my crepes with ricotta cheese and some preserves. They were pretty good.

Knee exercises

I’m going to try the modifications to knee exercises talked about in this video to try to help my knee issues. I thought the video did a decent job of explaining things. I’m also still thinking about getting a rower in order to do a different sort of motion/activity that’s less stressful on knees. I’ve got my eye on this one but am waiting for the price to come down.

Home Inventory

I want to make an inventory of the stuff in my apartment in case the worst happens and I need to make a claim on my renter’s insurance. I made a partial, incomplete inventory of the stuff in my apartment a while back using an app which has shifted to focus on business and doesn’t seem interested in individual consumers anymore (the app was Sortly). I had some data from that app in CSV format. I looked at some different apps to try that would allow me to import my data and get rolling on a new home inventory. I wound up liking this Mac App which is simply called Home Inventory.It’s pretty simple and straightforward. It’s pretty easy to add custom fields for the items in your inventory, add receipts and take pictures. The app can even send a command to a connected iPhone to open up the Camera app for picture taking without needing to install any new app on the iPhone, which I thought was pretty cool.

For now I’m just logging or completing a few entries per day, with a focus on logging higher value items first and documenting their cost with receipts. I think this will get me a decent sized log of stuff within a few weeks without taking too much time at once and getting tedious. My goal is roughly to have a mostly complete home inventory done before Election Day.

πŸ—£ Practicing Explaining Something Simple: Using Notes to Keep Track of Activities

You can use Apple’s Notes app to keep track of your activities throughout the day. Here’s one way to do it:
1. In the Notes app, make a category for your daily activities by clicking on the New Folder button in the lower right and give the folder a name.

2. Make some notes with lists of stuff you’d like to do during the day. Write the category of activity on the first line (which defaults to a bigger font). Then hit the “Make a Checklist” button and make a list of stuff.

You should wind up with something like this:

3. As you do stuff during the day, check it off from the list. If it’s a one-time thing, you can delete it after you’re done with it. If it’s a repeating thing, uncheck it when you check your list the next day, and then check it again when you complete it again.

🧠 🌩 Brainstorming: Things I Can Do to Get More Organized and Less Cluttered (Digitally and Physically)

  • Make an update-to-date inventory of the stuff in my home. (This is being done) βœ…
  • Organize more items in my refrigerator and using food storage containers and bins. (This is being done) βœ…
    Make use of the somewhat inaccessible space below my cabinets to store reserves of canned goods et cetera, freeing up the cabinets for other things. (This will be done soon) πŸ“
  • Unsubscribe from emails I’m not actually paying attention to anymore. (This is being done) βœ…
  • Delete apps I’m not using. (This is being done) βœ…
  • Disable notifications I’m not paying attention to. (This could be done more aggressively) πŸ“

Thinking & Learning Activities – September 9, 2020

Grammar πŸ“–

From homework 1 to Leonard Peikoff’s Grammar Course:

Identify any errors in the use of modifiers.
1. The bell sounded loudly and clearly,

Peikoff says (my own transcription):

Sounded is one of those words we mentioned that is like “was”. It does not indicate an action but a state of the thing. It’s really how you perceive the thing. But the thing itself is not active. And after a verb “to be”, a verb indicating state, you always take adjectives not adverbs.

I disagree. I don’t think Peikoff is totally wrong to read the clause the way he does, but I think the question is ambiguous. For example, “sounded” here could be used in the sense of “To make or give forth a sound: The siren sounded.” (American Heritage Fourth Edition). Peikoff’s reading is still connected to actual sound waves but seems more in the spirit of “To present a particular impression: That argument sounds reasonable.”

I actually read it as meaning the first definition initially, so I’m not just looking for something to be pedantic about. However, I had a mental model of Peikoff that indicated he thought there was supposed to be an error in this part of the sentence, and I tried to puzzle it out for a while and wound up just listening to what Peikoff’s argument was. I am respectfully not persuaded. With the dictionary definition I used, I think loudly and clearly are appropriate here as adverbs.

and still waters run deeply,

My initial guess is that “still waters run deep” is some kind of idiomatic phrase/special exception, making this “wrong” idiomatically even though it’s more consistent with normal rules of English.

Oh lol Peikoff actually says that because still waters don’t run, “run” merely indicates that they “are”, and so consistent with what he said earlier you want an adjective after such a verb.

but even so I feel real well.
“real” should be “really”. “Well” is an adjective describing how the person feels. “Really” modifies that adjective and so is an adverb and so should get an -ly.

Peikoff adds, consistent with his theme, that that since “feel” indicates state, it should be followed by an adjective – in particular, “good”.

  1. Where vacation dissatisfaction existed, advance recreation planning had been insignificantβ€”a problem particularly acute among mathematics students who forget basic philosophy principles.

Hmm. Initial thought is this just seems really wordy. Both “advance” and “recreation” can be adjectives so I don’t think that’s the issue.

OK Peikoff says there’s an error repeated four times in this sentence hmm πŸ€”
Oh is it the passive voice? A dissatisfaction existed… a planning had been insignificant … a problem [was] acute … and the students don’t actually connect directly with “forget” cuz the “forget” is in the “who” clause.

That’s not quite passive voice consistently though. Peikoff says what he has in mind … juxtaposition of nouns. I had some inkling that might be his complaint but didn’t pursue it for some reason. I think I was grouping the words Peikoff might be complaining about incorrectly in my head. Here are his actual complaints:

vacation dissatisfaction
recreation planning
mathematics students
philosophy principles

He wants people to say e.g. “students of philosophy” not philosophy students. I’m not sure I agree but maybe I’m just used to modern/worse writing? πŸ€”

  1. Newspaper headline: Macmillan refuses bank rate rise leak probe.

This is actually unclear. The meaning would be clear to me if it was “Macmillan refuses bank rate rise probe.” I’d read that as “Macmillian refuses a probe into a bank rate rise.” But I’m not sure what to do with the “leak”.

So Peikoff says that the facts are: there’a a rise in the interest rate at the bank, there’s a leak of the rise in the rate at the bank, then there’s a probe into rise in the rate arising out of the leak.

Thinking About Problems πŸ€” πŸ’¬

πŸ‘¨πŸ»β€πŸ’»Law Software

I’ve been playing around with a software service called Documate for a while. It lets you make interviews and use web forms to gather data that you can input into Word Docs and PDF. One application relevant to me is filling in legal documents. It’s cool, but I’m not keen on having ongoing fairly expensive (for me) software-as-a-service type costs and not having the interviews I’m making be data fully under my control. Portability is a big thing. I changed web providers not that long ago. That wasn’t too hard to do, because all the software stuff I was for my websites is standard stuff that can run on any commodity web server. But when you are using a proprietary software service, your stuff isn’t really portable. This is an issue people talk about in the context of law practice management software as well … once you enter all your client and case data into one of these proprietary systems, it can be a pain to get it out, so you’re either hooked into paying an ongoing expense or dealing with an aggravating data migration process.

So anyways I’d made a couple of interviews to test drive the software, see what it was like. I recently discovered that it’s actually powered on the back end by open source software called Docassemble, and that it’s quite easy to install an Amazon instance of Docassemble and get started…so easy that I did the initial set up steps in under an hour! πŸ™‚ So I think I may cancel Documate and build my interviews in Docassemble. This will require some learning since Documate is basically a customized GUI front-end for Docassemble. I like watching videos and reading about technical stuff though and it’s not very technical anyways, so I should be fine.


I talked in the previous post about considering getting a rowing machine. I’m still considering that, and have added price alerts for some on CamelCamelCamel. One thing I realized I should try for my knee issues though is KT tape. I actually got some quite a while ago but never really tried using it, and some people say it can help.

πŸ₯˜Spice Rack and Spices Expiring

I recently took an inventory of my spice rack and cooking oils. Most of them are expired! πŸ˜“ I’m not sure how much it matters though.

I’ve googled and there are various opinions on how long it’s okay to keep stuff. I also don’t like the idea of having “expired” stuff. People say that for spices the general issue is that they lose potency. So they don’t actually go bad in a way that can make you sick, but they become ineffective. Still, that’s not good. OTOH oil can actually go rancid, but supposedly it’s easy to tell when that’s happened.

Spices are pretty cheap to replace and I’m cleaning out my kitchen, so I’m considering purging a bunch of the old stuff. My intuition is that if something is just a bit out of date I won’t worry about it, but if it’s well out of date it should get tossed.

πŸ—£ Practicing Explaining Something Simple: Softening Butter in a Microwave 🧈

If you want to bake cookies or easily spread butter on bread, you’ll want to have some softened butter. One way to soften butter is to just leave it out. That can take a while, though. A faster way is to use your microwave.

Using a microwave at full power is likely to get you melted butter, not softened butter. To consistently get softened butter out of a microwave, you want to use your microwave’s power settings. How you adjust the power varies from microwave to microwave, so if you’re not sure, you may want to check the manual for your model. You should start with a low power setting and check in on the butter every 10-15 seconds until you get a sense of how fast your microwave softens the butter. Once you have some practice, you can use more power to soften the butter faster.

One issue you may encounter is uneven heating of the butter. If you put a whole stick in, even at low power, you may find that the edges soften while the center remains hard, and that the edges melt as the center softens. There are different ways to handle this. One way is to withdraw the softened portions of butter as they soften (to a bowl or whatever) and just leave the harder butter of the butter inside the microwave for further softening. Another thing you can do is cube the butter some and put it evenly around the edge of the plate you are microwaving it on. That should lead to a more uniform result.

🧠 🌩 Brainstorming: Exercises to Get the Heart Rate Up With Low Impact on Knees πŸƒπŸ»β€β™‚οΈ

(more interested in stuff that doesn’t require a gym but just trying to consider all options at the moment)

Rowing machine
Elliptical Machine
Cycling (though that can cause knee issues too…maybe a recumbent stationary bike would be good though)
This thingamajigger
Ran out of ideas…suggest more in comments!